The history of United States coinage is a story that parallels the rise of America. Starting from a humble beginning in a basement in Philadelphia in the first few years of the country, it grew to a large highly sophisticated system that produces millions of coins per year. Due to a lack of silver, the first silver coins produced by the Mint came from silverware contributed by George and Martha Washington. Coins are something we take for granted today and put in jars and baskets on our night stands to accumulate for a rainy day when we need a few extra dollars. For more than half of the history of America, that wouldn't have been possible for the average citizen. It wasn't until after the Civil War that coinage became widely used for all types of transactions. Until that time, barter and money substitutes, such as tokens, script, and foreign coins, were used as a mediums of exchange. During the 1830's, and then again during the Civil War, coins were in such short supply that merchants and private individuals began producing cent-sized coins, just to make change for the day to day transactions. In America, it was legal until 1857 to use foreign money in transactions. The Spanish dollars and their fractional parts, called "bits," were very common during colonial times until the mid-1800s.
30 Minute Book SeriesEach book in the "30 Minute Book Series" is fast paced, well written, and accurate for a book that covers the topic in as much detail as a short book allows. In less than an hour, you can read or listen to the book - a perfect companion for a lunch hour or a nice distraction for a train ride home from work.
About the AuthorDoug West is a retired engineer, small business owner, and an experienced non-fiction writer with several books to his credit. His writing interests are general, with special expertise in science, biographies, numismatics, and "How to" topics. Doug has a Ph.D. in General Engineering from Oklahoma State University.
This is a guide for people who buy and sell silver coins-on eBay, on other Internet websites, at coin shows or coin stores, or elsewhere. It is intended for those who buy or sell coins based on their investment value, rather than their design or scarcity. This book displays the bullion value of silver coins for every world nation and year of origin between 1800 and 2000. An alphabetical listings of countries and denominations (and sometimes a simple addition), shows the base value of any common silver coin. This is vital information, because many current coin guides have not recalculated bullion values, and continue to estimate coin value based on silver prices from a time when it was worth only a fraction of today's value.
For the first time, the most commonly encountered silver Roman coins can be inexpensively identified and some idea of value can be gained. Whether you are setting out to form a collection of every emperor or are already an experienced Roman Coin collector, you will not be able to put this book down! The line drawings of most obverse types mean that the legend is clear and readable in the book, and it makes a great aid to identification, as does the alphabetical list of emperors/empresses in the back of the book. This book includes an identification guide for republican coins, instructions on cleaning Roman silver coins and a list of Roman mint town mintmarks. It also includes an alphabetical list of Emperors/Caesars/Empresses and information of Roman coin grading. The book is ordered chronologically, and with the introduction of different coin types clearly mentioned, together with some historical notes, it also gives an easy to follow explanation of the Roman base metal coinage and how it changed over 750 years.
The silver box is a story suitable for nine-year-olds. At the beginning of the school holidays Ben Wilson and Scarlett Bennett, find a silver box hidden under the floor of and old outhouse in Ben's garden. They soon discover that only Ben can open the lid of the box and, when he does, the pair are amazed to find that they are able to travel back into the past and also forward into the future. Danger lurks around every corner during their adventures and with each journey the box changes its appearance. The children need to unravel the mystery of why only they can see it as a silver box, whilst everyone else thinks it's just made of wood. It soon becomes obvious to Ben and Scarlett that they have to solve the mystery before the end of the school holidays or risk being trapped in the past for ever.
Have you ever wondered what your purpose was in this world? Have you wondered if it was a coincidence or something more? Many people find themselves, at one point or another, wondering about the meaning of this life and why we co-exist, but have you ever stopped to look at your own life? In this book, Coincidence or God? you will read about a story of a young man who was lured in by the darkness. He became addicted to meth for six years and almost lost his life. One night changed everything. Coincidence or God? is a life-changing, heaven-sent, transforming testimony that will help you understand the meaning of your own life. It will change everything about the way you think and live. All you have to do is be open to the idea that this life is far greater than what can be seen with the naked eye. There is a world so beautiful that even your own eyes can't view it. There is a place where everyone knows your name. After all, we are not in this world alone, but we are surrounded by a Creator who wants to know you more. His desire is to be known and to love you. There are many testimonies in this book that will give you a personal view into the world of addiction. It will show you how the young man barely survived a bomb threat, witnessed the evil domain in this world, lost touch with reality, and was present at ground zero during the May 22nd, EF5 tornado which ripped through the heart of Joplin, Missouri. This is a story that cannot be forgotten. It is a place most Christians have never known, let alone lived. It is a story that will stay with you for years. This story is a living testimony to help you understand this life is meant for so much more and is by no means a coincidence.
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