The history of United States coinage is a story that parallels the rise of America. Starting from a humble beginning in a basement in Philadelphia in the first few years of the country, it grew to a large highly sophisticated system that produces millions of coins per year. Due to a lack of silver, the first silver coins produced by the Mint came from silverware contributed by George and Martha Washington. Coins are something we take for granted today and put in jars and baskets on our night stands to accumulate for a rainy day when we need a few extra dollars. For more than half of the history of America, that wouldn't have been possible for the average citizen. It wasn't until after the Civil War that coinage became widely used for all types of transactions. Until that time, barter and money substitutes, such as tokens, script, and foreign coins, were used as a mediums of exchange. During the 1830's, and then again during the Civil War, coins were in such short supply that merchants and private individuals began producing cent-sized coins, just to make change for the day to day transactions. In America, it was legal until 1857 to use foreign money in transactions. The Spanish dollars and their fractional parts, called "bits," were very common during colonial times until the mid-1800s.
30 Minute Book SeriesEach book in the "30 Minute Book Series" is fast paced, well written, and accurate for a book that covers the topic in as much detail as a short book allows. In less than an hour, you can read or listen to the book - a perfect companion for a lunch hour or a nice distraction for a train ride home from work.
About the AuthorDoug West is a retired engineer, small business owner, and an experienced non-fiction writer with several books to his credit. His writing interests are general, with special expertise in science, biographies, numismatics, and "How to" topics. Doug has a Ph.D. in General Engineering from Oklahoma State University.
For the first time, the most commonly encountered silver Roman coins can be inexpensively identified and some idea of value can be gained. Whether you are setting out to form a collection of every emperor or are already an experienced Roman Coin collector, you will not be able to put this book down! The line drawings of most obverse types mean that the legend is clear and readable in the book, and it makes a great aid to identification, as does the alphabetical list of emperors/empresses in the back of the book. This book includes an identification guide for republican coins, instructions on cleaning Roman silver coins and a list of Roman mint town mintmarks. It also includes an alphabetical list of Emperors/Caesars/Empresses and information of Roman coin grading. The book is ordered chronologically, and with the introduction of different coin types clearly mentioned, together with some historical notes, it also gives an easy to follow explanation of the Roman base metal coinage and how it changed over 750 years.
This is a guide for people who buy and sell silver coins-on eBay, on other Internet websites, at coin shows or coin stores, or elsewhere. It is intended for those who buy or sell coins based on their investment value, rather than their design or scarcity. This book displays the bullion value of silver coins for every world nation and year of origin between 1800 and 2000. An alphabetical listings of countries and denominations (and sometimes a simple addition), shows the base value of any common silver coin. This is vital information, because many current coin guides have not recalculated bullion values, and continue to estimate coin value based on silver prices from a time when it was worth only a fraction of today's value.
A feel-good book packed with uplifting quotations and good advice, perfect for looking on the bright side during testing times
"If you're already walking on thin ice, you might as well dance." -Proverb
"A certain amount of opposition is a great help to a man. Kites rise against and not with the wind." -John Neal
"Perserverance is failing nineteen times and succeeding the twentieth." -Julie Andrews
Never mind that your favorite jeans don't quite fit any more, your mother-in-law has decided to stay another week, and the local bar has stopped karaoke night-every cloud has a silver lining! There's good advice for every occasion to be found within the black-and-white pages of this tiny inspirational tome.
In July 2010, eleven-year-old Anoush experienced the horrors of brain cancer.
Over the next 3 years Anoush vividly described in her diary the challenges of living in so much of illness, and with her sheer will power along with family support, her victory against the dreaded disease.
This unexpurgated, unambiguous text provides a deeply moving and unforgettable portrait of Anoush, along the way where her experiences could well turn around the quality of life for the betterment and give hope to children affiliated with similar illness & their families who could well over-come the trauma.
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