The history of United States coinage is a story that parallels the rise of America. Starting from a humble beginning in a basement in Philadelphia in the first few years of the country, it grew to a large highly sophisticated system that produces millions of coins per year. Due to a lack of silver, the first silver coins produced by the Mint came from silverware contributed by George and Martha Washington. Coins are something we take for granted today and put in jars and baskets on our night stands to accumulate for a rainy day when we need a few extra dollars. For more than half of the history of America, that wouldn't have been possible for the average citizen. It wasn't until after the Civil War that coinage became widely used for all types of transactions. Until that time, barter and money substitutes, such as tokens, script, and foreign coins, were used as a mediums of exchange. During the 1830's, and then again during the Civil War, coins were in such short supply that merchants and private individuals began producing cent-sized coins, just to make change for the day to day transactions. In America, it was legal until 1857 to use foreign money in transactions. The Spanish dollars and their fractional parts, called "bits," were very common during colonial times until the mid-1800s.
30 Minute Book SeriesEach book in the "30 Minute Book Series" is fast paced, well written, and accurate for a book that covers the topic in as much detail as a short book allows. In less than an hour, you can read or listen to the book - a perfect companion for a lunch hour or a nice distraction for a train ride home from work.
About the AuthorDoug West is a retired engineer, small business owner, and an experienced non-fiction writer with several books to his credit. His writing interests are general, with special expertise in science, biographies, numismatics, and "How to" topics. Doug has a Ph.D. in General Engineering from Oklahoma State University.
For the first time, the most commonly encountered silver Roman coins can be inexpensively identified and some idea of value can be gained. Whether you are setting out to form a collection of every emperor or are already an experienced Roman Coin collector, you will not be able to put this book down! The line drawings of most obverse types mean that the legend is clear and readable in the book, and it makes a great aid to identification, as does the alphabetical list of emperors/empresses in the back of the book. This book includes an identification guide for republican coins, instructions on cleaning Roman silver coins and a list of Roman mint town mintmarks. It also includes an alphabetical list of Emperors/Caesars/Empresses and information of Roman coin grading. The book is ordered chronologically, and with the introduction of different coin types clearly mentioned, together with some historical notes, it also gives an easy to follow explanation of the Roman base metal coinage and how it changed over 750 years.
This is a guide for people who buy and sell silver coins-on eBay, on other Internet websites, at coin shows or coin stores, or elsewhere. It is intended for those who buy or sell coins based on their investment value, rather than their design or scarcity. This book displays the bullion value of silver coins for every world nation and year of origin between 1800 and 2000. An alphabetical listings of countries and denominations (and sometimes a simple addition), shows the base value of any common silver coin. This is vital information, because many current coin guides have not recalculated bullion values, and continue to estimate coin value based on silver prices from a time when it was worth only a fraction of today's value.
What color shirt should you wear on Fridays in Thailand? Which three Americans are the only ones Senegalese boys ever heard of, all with the same first name? What's so special about the families living in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda? What country has "Watch out for warthogs!" traffic signs? What's the most precious thing received by a Ghanaian sex worker learning to protect herself from HIV? Carole Howard was practically allergic to risk-taking, but she took a deep breath and jumped off the cliiff with her husband after they retired. With little idea of what to expect, they went on a two-month volunteer assignment as management consultants for a non-profit in Senegal. It was enriching, thrilling, life-affirming. So they did it again the following year, in Uganda. And three more times after that. It was like taking simultaneous crash courses in the world, in themselves, and in each other. Meaningful work and a lot of fun......is there a better combination? She now knows the answers to the questions she posed above...... and a whole lot more. About the Author Carole Howard is the author of two novels - About Face and Deadly Adagio - as well as the co-author of The Great PARIS WalkPack. She loves to travel and has been to 50-odd countries so far -- and that doesn't even include places where she only changed planes! She also loves to return home to the welcoming green hills of New York's Hudson Valley.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
Bullion Index Articles
Bullion Index Books