Listen to Coronavirus Patient Zero
The history of United States coinage is a story that parallels the rise of America. Starting from a humble beginning in a basement in Philadelphia in the first few years of the country, it grew to a large highly sophisticated system that produces millions of coins per year. Due to a lack of silver, the first silver coins produced by the Mint came from silverware contributed by George and Martha Washington. Coins are something we take for granted today and put in jars and baskets on our night stands to accumulate for a rainy day when we need a few extra dollars. For more than half of the history of America, that wouldn't have been possible for the average citizen. It wasn't until after the Civil War that coinage became widely used for all types of transactions. Until that time, barter and money substitutes, such as tokens, script, and foreign coins, were used as a mediums of exchange. During the 1830's, and then again during the Civil War, coins were in such short supply that merchants and private individuals began producing cent-sized coins, just to make change for the day to day transactions. In America, it was legal until 1857 to use foreign money in transactions. The Spanish dollars and their fractional parts, called "bits," were very common during colonial times until the mid-1800s.
30 Minute Book SeriesEach book in the "30 Minute Book Series" is fast paced, well written, and accurate for a book that covers the topic in as much detail as a short book allows. In less than an hour, you can read or listen to the book - a perfect companion for a lunch hour or a nice distraction for a train ride home from work.
About the AuthorDoug West is a retired engineer, small business owner, and an experienced non-fiction writer with several books to his credit. His writing interests are general, with special expertise in science, biographies, numismatics, and "How to" topics. Doug has a Ph.D. in General Engineering from Oklahoma State University.
Discover everything you need to know to cash in on the Bitcoin gold rush! Bitcoin is becoming more and more popular and increasingly valuable - it gained over 1,000% in value last year! Some of the people taking advantage of this Bitcoin "gold rush" are making thousands of dollars in the process! Why can't YOU be the next Bitcoin success story? In this Bitcoin step-by-step guide, you'll learn: - How to Get Bitcoins - The Benefits of Bitcoin Mining - How to Successfully Create a Bitcoin Mining "Rig" - Pros and Cons of Joining Bitcoin Mining Pools - The Future of Bitcoin Learn step-by-step how to become successful with Bitcoin with this complete Bitcoin mining guide! ON 50% OFF SALE FOR A LIMITED TIME! Make an investment in your financial future and grab your copy TODAY!
Collections of traditional Spanish ballads were made in the early seventeenth century; some recorded directly from singers, others reworked by educated poets. So popular were these that Court poets composed ballads of their own. Most Spanish poetry of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries circulated in manuscript among a small coterie of wits and fellow poets, and it often contains references to contemporary events and people, sideswipes at institutions and individuals, and allusions to other writings of the time. The modern reader has to know about the people and events criticized and lampooned, and everything from municipal by-laws to contemporary painting can prove helpful. The traditional popular associations of the ballad also led to many poets combining in their poems the language of the street alongside that of polite society and the schoolroom.This volume discusses some of the problems encountered by anglophone students and teachers of literature when they turn to the Golden-Age ballad and offers informed guidance on how such poems might be read. The nine poems discussed have been chosen with such difficulties in mind and a strophe-by-strophe prose translation is provided for each, followed by a detailed critical analysis. It is edited by Nigel Griffin, Clive Griffin, Eric Southworth And Colin Thompson, all of Oxford University. The other contributors include: Oliver Noble-Wood, John Rutherford, and Ronald Truman.
The word 'democracy' gives out vibrant images of an open, transparent, free world of equal men. But is the bottom substance and spirit of modern democracy truthful to these images ? A close look reveals that modern democracy is a fake coin, that has nothing to do with the above noble images.
Bullion Index Articles
Bullion Index Books